Patent ductus

Patent ductus Congenital heart disease with an enrichment of the pulmonary circulation Patent ductus arteriosus Ductus arteriosus connects the initial part of the descending aorta to the pulmonary artery.

In the bulk of the newborn ductus arteriosus ceases to function in the first hours and days of life.

Most often, this defect occurs in premature infants with birth weight less than 1200 when saving features of this flow after birth to talk about the presence of congenital heart disease.

Hemodynamic disturbances are to reset the blood from the aorta to the pulmonary artery that leads to the overflow of the pulmonary circulation and overload of the left heart.

Patent ductus arteriosus is clinically manifested at the end of the first year or 2-3 year life.

Prior to the onset of clinical symptoms in children are driven primarily according to their age and the first phase of their proceeds easily.

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In observing the child

In observing the child From the first days of life should be applied special stimulation techniques movements swaddling-open, rolling, crawling, etc.

Widely used massage and gymnastic exercises, appropriate to the age of the child.

Acute problem of modernity is hypokinesia - limited range of motion - which significantly reduces the level of children's health and leads to pathological conditions such as obesity and vascular dystonia.

In observing the child should pay attention to the fact that the muscles were resilient and equally developed on the symmetric parts of the body.

On the development of the muscles can be judged by the shape of the abdomen (in normally developing children, it is elastic, fit), the position of the blades (they must be symmetrically located with respect to the spine).

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In this period

In this period Going improvement of motor functions from full motor helplessness at birth to independent walking and playing with toys by the end of the first year of life.

Due to strong growth and development of the child in this period of life there are certain problems to ensure optimal development and the prevention of diseases and injuries of the child.

In this period of development, the child gradually loses the passive immunity, which he received from his mother, and the maturation of its own immune system is extremely slow, resulting in an increased risk of various diseases, especially infectious nature.

Despite this, the limit contact with other children explain the low incidence of childhood infections.

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They usually occur

They usually occurWith the systematic use of fermented mixtures your child will be much less suffer from relatively gassing because reduced intestinal fermentation in nickel. Also when using mixtures of fermented milk is a significant improvement of digestion. The impact of pathogens significantly reduced.

During the summer, children may be observed dyspepsia. They usually occur in children in very hot weather. It is therefore advisable in the summer heat in the child's diet administered fermented mixture. If not adapted formulas, then we can recommend but conventional dairy products.

Children with poor health who suffer from various disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, it is desirable to use a mixture of sour milk.

With constant use of their children significantly improved appetite and chair norm tron is trapped.

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A n y t r e n n i i g r w and s; n about

A n y t r e n n i i g r w and s; n about - extreme fixation of the duodenum: a) false; b) true; c) functional obstruction.

a n y t r e n n i i g r w and s; n about in about Sirota to w and h e H and a in of b r a t n o m n a p r and l e n u; in s to about to about e n a n o l o w n e n e s l o w d k and k, and; n of w and d in g th e I n and I n k and w to a; p and with n of l on g e n and e h e r a e o b r a h n o d o o r p o with t to a p o r and d and a l e n o d to w and to and.

By the birth of a child is relatively greater length of the intestine relative to the length of the body than in older children and adults.

The small intestine is the child of the first year of life has a length of 1.


8 m, which is 2 times smaller than that of an adult.

With age, the length of the intestine increases slower than the growth of the body.

Small intestine has multiple intestinal folds and villi lined inside.

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